South Sudan becomes world’s newest nation [video]‬‏

From Al Jazeera:

Who killed Laurent Kabila, the president of DR Congo?

In January 2001, Laurent Kabila, the then president of the Democratic Republic of Congo, was murdered.  Over 50 alleged conspirators remain jailed in Kinshasa’s Makala Prison, but even Kabila’s own ministers do not believe they are guilty.

So who killed Laurent Kabila, and why?

(via Al Jazeera)

Sudan: History of a Broken Land (from Al Jazeera)

Here is a great feature from Al Jazeera about Sudan’s history.

As the people of southern Sudan prepare to vote in a referendum that may see them secede from the North, Al Jazeera maps the turbulent history of a country on the verge of a momentous decision.

via Al Jazeera.

Sudan’s poor hit by rising prices

From Al Jazeera.

Sudan’s poor are increasingly finding essential items such as bread and sugar priced out of their reach due to inflation and the depreciation of their country’s currency.

Rising prices are another blow amid the political uncertainty ahead of a planned referendum on independence for Sudan’s south.

Al Jazeera’s Mohammed Adow reports from Khartoum.

Obama: What happens in Sudan “matters”

President Obama spoke earlier this week at the United Nations meeting about the future of Sudan.  Because of his presence, the meeting was attended by the Vice President Taha and Salva Kiir, president of Southern Sudan.

[President Obama’s speech starts at 20:30]

At this moment, the fate of millions of people hangs in the balance.  What happens in Sudan in the days ahead may decide whether a people who have endured too much war move forward towards peace or slip backwards into bloodshed.  And what happens in Sudan matters to all of sub-Saharan Africa, and it matters to the world.

– President Barack Obama, September 24 2010

50 years after independence, Africa still suffering from colonial wounds

From AlJazeera:

Seventeen African nations gained their independence in 1960, but the dreams of the independence era were short-lived.

Africa states of independence tells the story of some of those countries – stories of mass exploitation, of the ecstasy of independence and of how – with liberation – a new, covert scramble for resources was born.

– Al Jazeera, September 2 2010

JEM: We will stop using child soldiers

Here is a welcome development.

Rebels in Sudan’s Darfur region and the United Nations have signed a deal to protect children from being used as soldiers in conflict zones.

The Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, an independent mediation group based in Geneva, says Darfur’s Justice and Equality Movement, or JEM, and the United Nations Children’s Fund– UNICEF have signed a deal to protect children.

Dennis McNamara, Humanitarian Adviser, Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, said, “I’m very pleased to say that the dialogue that has been long and detailed has finally resulted in a very concrete and important outcome which is the signing of this agreement.”

Under the agreement, UNICEF will have full access to all JEM locations to verify that children are not being exploited and used as soldiers.